2019 Wuhan Coronavirus Outbreak
What is Coronavirus and its Types?
Coronavirus is not just one virus instead it is a group of viruses, so better call it Coronaviridiae Virus is basically a non-living organism because it lacks any cellular structure but it can replicate into many other similar viruses very quickly and this is a reason that virus is often treated as the organisms that are at the edge of life. Coronavirus is notorious for causing respiratory illnesses such as the common cold, lower respiratory tract illnesses such as pneumonia and bronchitis.
Some people believe that Coronavirus is something new that has been discovered in late 2019. However that not true. Coronavirus is as ancient as the 1960s and there are many types of Coronavirus. Some of them are 229E, OC43, SARS-Cov, MERS-Cov, HKU -1. These viruses are common amongst animals worldwide, but only a handful of them are known to affect humans. It happens rarely that these viruses can evolve and spread from animals to humans.
New Wuhan Coronavirus and where it came from?
A brand new type of coronavirus that pops up just a few days ago in December 2019 is called Wuhan Coronavirus. As soon as it popped up, people started giving many names to this virus-like Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan seafood market Coronavirus and 2019 nCov. The first cases of Coronavirus were reported on December 31st, 2019 in Wuhan when few people visited a local seafood and animal market (called the Huanan seafood market). People think that it has popped up due to the seafood that is sold in the market, however, it is doubted as many people far away from the market also developed the disease. Researchers have also investigated that Coronavirus is originated in bats and bats were not at all sold in that market. So, it seems that the real reason behind the sudden popping of this virus is still unknown.
Can Coronavirus spread through humans / Causes?
Coronavirus though originated from animals can spread to humans via human interaction as well. There are many ways according to CDC through which coronavirus can spread between an infected person and others. Some of the ways are:
• Through close interaction like touching/ shaking hands or any other physical contact
• Through the air, when an infected person coughs or sneezes and infected particles spread into the air.
• Touching any object that has viral particles on it
Death Toll due to Coronavirus around the world
China has been affected majorly by the virus as it popped into its cities. According to reports the total number of deaths from the coronavirus had risen to 170 in China, with cases now confirmed in every province and region in the country. More than 7,700 people have been sickened in mainland China, while 68 cases have been reported around the world.
Not only China, but many other countries have also been affected by the virus. As the virus is spreading very quickly, Thailand has also reported 14 cases of infection; Japan has 11; Hong Kong and Singapore have 10. The virus is engulfing Asia as India and Pakistan also got affected by the virus and reported a few cases. Up till now, the World Health Organization(WHO) did not declare it PHEIC( Public health Emergency of international concern) but it appears the time is not far away. According to the latest updates, the 2019 nCoV has spread to 22 countries worldwide, with 7,921 confirmed cases and 170 deaths as of January 30, 2020.
Fatality Rate of Coronavirus
As of January 30, the fatality rate of 2019 nCov is 2%. But we can never be sure as it is virus and fatality rate depends upon the mutation of the virus. The novel coronavirus is said to be contagious before any symptoms appear, as it is estimated to have an incubation period of 10 to 14 days.
Many of the symptoms of Coronavirus are similar to that of SARS i.e. fever, cough and difficulty breathing. Some other symptoms of the disease are running nose, sneezing, and sore throat and intestinal symptoms like diarrhea. For now, there is no vaccine available for the new coronavirus disease, however, researchers are working on developing some medicine. It is said that the patients can recover on their own after some time if they take proper rest and keep themselves away from the viral infectious particles.
A simple Guide to fight Coronavirus/ Precautions
It is said that “Prevention is better than cure”. So here are some steps that can be taken to fight with the disease or avoid oneself from getting attacked in the first place.
1. Frequent handwashing with soap
2. Tissues and Mask to be used when cough or sneeze
3. Stay away from the raw meat and wildlife farm animals
4. Home rest if you are feeling unwell
5. Instant germ kill with hand sanitizer when you are out of home
6. Go to the doctor when you have a cold or cough/ fever.