Rome | Culture, History, Places & Facts
History Of Rome
The story of the foundation of Rome not sure if it’s a myth or truth, however, as many names attached to the start of Roman history have vanished, these two have made their mark and are still mentioned in the books whatsoever. The legend tales of two twin brothers Romulus and Remus who were raised by a she-wolf. When they both grew up they killed their uncle and restore their grandfather to his throne. They then go one to form their own city. Where this city was to be founded and who is going to be the king became a topic of debate among them. Romulus won the debate by killing Remus and built his city at the palatine hill on 21st April 753 BC.
The King Romulus named the city after his name “Roma”. He then invited all the people from other cities to settle in Rome in order to populate the new city. Romulus later formed a government by including 100 men from the leading families. However, this is not sure whether this story is correct or just a myth.
In the 8th century BC, Rome was a smaller city-state. This state was surrounded by other Latin people or more broadly other Italic people. From 8th to 6th century BC, Rome remained a small city-state, inhabited by simple people, ruled by what Roman historians say ‘series of seven kings’. Outside Rome, within Italy was many other clans flourishing and increasing in number like Etruscan, Falisci, Sabini, Latini. In the early years of 6th and 7th BC there started many Tit for Tat clan warfare. The objectives were often to assert claims to land or take captives and plunder. Sometimes the intensity of these clashes would rise and topple another community.
The historians say that the first town to attack Rome was that of China. Romulus killed their king and celebrated his first triumph. The defeated town was forced to give 1/3rd of its land to Rome. Throughout the decade Rome would topple more and more communities and Rome started colonizing them. This way mass of the Roman state grew and grew. Until 509 BC, Rome had annexed or destroyed about half of the thirty land communities, controlled around 800 square kilometers and is estimated to have boosted a population of around 35000 people. This expansion was, however, achieved at a very slow pace.
Culture of Ancient Rome
Dressing and Clothing
Ancient Rome has its own style in clothing and fashion. There are two types of clothing that were famous among people in Ancient Rome.
The tunic was easier to wear, comfortable and simple dress. It was worn by people at home. It was also worn by non-citizens or slaves of that time.
The toga was a comparatively distinct Roman item of clothing that only true Roman citizens were allowed to wear in public at state occasions. It was just like a modern tuxedo. Given their design and texture, togas obviously weren’t the most comfortable of outfits, but the ancient Romans loved to show off their status and power by wearing togas in public. Togas came in two primary colors: white and purple. Purple clothing was a symbol of royalty and was reserved only for emperors and influential senators. For anyone else, wearing a purple toga was considered treason and was highly punishable.
Similar to its history, Roman cuisine is vast and varied. Roman culture has so many varieties of dishes to offer. Roman traditional cuisine has eventually changed with the change in civilization and modernization. However, there are a few dishes that were famous back in ancient Rome.
It is a drink that was served to soldiers during military campaigns. It was made by adding a huge amount of water to wine and then adding spices in it to make it taste better.
Pasta is a very important part of Italian cuisine. Its more sort of modern age, however, it was used in some for in traditional Roman dishes as well. You would be surprised to know that Rome has a whole museum dedicated to Pasta, where many dishes made up of pasta are taught.
Wheat was the most common item in roman food. They used to make wheat bread, pancakes and other stuff with wheat.
Drinking wine is not part of their culture. They consumed wine by diluting it. The wine was one of the most popular and consumed drink in ancient Rome and still used frequently in modern Rome.
A variety of meat items were also served in grand events and functions. Flamingo, peacock, and ostrich meat was considered quite glamorous and its presence on the dinner table was seen as a matter of pride for the host. Ancient Romans were also fond of spices and sauces in their food to make it more delicious.
Rome has been the origin of many medical practices and inventions. The tools used by ancient Roman doctors were comparatively bizarre however, they were extensively used and help in a speedy recovery for patients. Vaginal Speculum, Rectal Speculum, Bone Levers, Bone Forceps, Cupping Vessels for Bloodletting are ancient Roman medical apparatus that are also used in the modern age.
Rome has a famous history of gladiator fights. Gladiators were the armed trained combatants who used to fight to entertain the audience. Each gladiator had a different weapon and fighting technique. The gladiators were also often slaves, criminals, or prisoners of war, who used to fight for their freedom. Colosseum was a famous amphitheater built in the center of Rome for such gladiator fights. There were many other such amphitheaters as well built throughout the empire.
Places to Visit In Rome
When in Rome, enjoy the immense heritage Rome has to offer. Every other street gives the tourist a glimpse of art and heritage. Some of the most prominent tourist attractions in Rome are:
Castel Sant’ Angelo
It was built to be a mausoleum of Hadrian and his family in 123 BC. It later was turned into a fortress. It was also once Rome’s tallest building. The ashes of other emperors were buried there. It also served as a prison but today Castel is a museum.
Roman Forum is located in a small valley between the palatine and capital hills. The Forum is in rectangular shape surrounded by ruins of many ancient buildings and was once ancient Rome’s showpiece Centre. The site was first developed in the 7th century BC but soon it became a political and social hub of the Roman Empire.
Many of you would know about this famous amphitheater built in the center of Rome. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations. The Colosseum had seating for more than 50,000 spectators. Many ancient combats, animal fights, hunts, and other pubic entertainment activities took place in the building. About 2/3rd of the building has been destroyed, still, it’s the ancient architecture that will remain an iconic symbol of Rome.
Hadrian wall was the defensive barrier that protected the northwestern frontier of the province of Britain from barbarian invaders. It was built on the Emperor’s orders on his visit to Britain. It is almost 80 miles long and built by almost 20,000 men.
Baths of Caracalla
Baths of Caracalla is one of the ancient archeological sites built in 216 BC. They were the city’s second-largest Roman public baths.